Hyperlipidemia

Range of Motion offers Exercise Physiologist designed one-on-one exercise sessions for individuals with this condition. Book a complimentary consultation or contact us to find out more.

The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.

Based on guidelines provided by the American College of Sports Medicine.

Condition Overview:

Hyperlipidemia refers to an increase in the levels of triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood. Triglycerides and lipids are transported in the body by proteins (specifically lipoproteins), and it is the disruption of the balance of transport that leads to hyperlipidemia.

Hyperlipidemia is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease due to the increased levels of cholesterol and therefore a disposition towards atherosclerosis.

The condition is often dependant on the following factors:

  • Gender
  • Age
  • Body fat distribution
  • Nutrition
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Some medications
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Physical activity levels

Short Term Response to Exercise:

The primary condition does not manifest in a response to exercise, though secondary conditions (such as coronary artery disease) will have an effect.

Long Term Response to Exercise:

Exercise is an effective strategy in the treatment of hyperlipidemia due to:

  • Reductions in triglyceride levels.
  • Increases in (favourable) high density lipoproteins.
  • Increases in lipoprotein metabolism.

Exercise has a secondary benefit, in reducing the causative effects of hyperlipidemia through weight loss and reduced body fat.

Condition Management:

Weight loss through dietary modification and exercise is a primary method of management. These strategies are highly effective with long term exercise adherence. Pharmacological intervention is also used as an effective method of treatment.

Range of Motion’s Treatment Methodologies:

Range of Motion designs specific exercise programs unique to the individual based on The Range of Motion Model of Health. Modifications to this basic framework are made based on the specific recommendations outlined below.

Aerobic Exercise:

  • 50-90% max heart rate (though rate of perceived exertion should be used for those with medication altered heart rates).
  • Four to seven days per week.
  • 20 to 60 minutes per session.

Anaerobic Exercise:

  • High intensity intervals.

Resistance:

  • High repetition low load for untrained individuals.
  • Progress to high load low repetition for trained individuals.

Flexibility:

  • Not to discomfort.
  • 20 seconds per stretch.
  • Three days per week.
Book a complimentary consultation or contact us to find out more.

Durstine, N. F. et. al., (2003). Hyperlipidemia. In: Durstine, J. L., Moore, G. E. (2003), ACSM’s Exercise Management for Persons with Chronic Diseases and Disabilities 2nd Ed. (pp 142-148) American College of Sports Medicine, Human Kinetics.