Knee Osteoarthritis

The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional. 


Knee osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease, which often develops after the age of 60. It causes pain in the middle of the knee joint.


Osteoarthritis is caused by damage to the cartilage covering the ends of bones. This can occur as a result of a one off trauma, or by high repetitions of joint loading over time. This wearing of cartilage can result in the bones grinding against each other.


  • Balance, proprioception and knee stability
  • Lower limb strength (especially muscles acting over the knee and hip)
  • Lower limb flexibility
  • Pelvic stability
  • Weight loss (where appropriate)