The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.
Plantar fasciitis is a painful inflammation of the arch of the foot, between the ball of the foot and the heel.
Plantar fasciitis is caused by either a shortening of the plantar fascia (tendinous tissue running along the sole of the foot) or the break down of a fatty pad on the heel of the foot.
Shortening of the plantar fascia can be caused by wearing high heels, increased physical activity, running on hard or uneven surfaces or a lack of support from shoes.
The break down of the fatty pads on the feet is caused by weight gain.
- Proprioception / balance
- Distal lower limb flexibility (especially gastrocnemius and soleus)
- Longitudinal arch flexibility
- Longitudinal arch strength
- Ankle strength